In recent years, human rights violations have increasingly been reported in Turkey. Various international bodies and courts have confirmed this, sometimes even in very sharp terms. That is why we have taken the initiative to set up a “Turkey Tribunal.”

The Observers

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Friday, 24 September 2021

The Observers

Turkey Tribunal publishes the list of confirmed OBSERVERS during the 2021 Session

The role of the observers is:

  • to observe the proceedings
  • to follow the rules of procedure
  • to check if all participants (rapporteurs, witnesses, government, third parties if any) can express themselves freely and are treated in a fair way.

If the observers notice something that is not going according to the principles and rules of procedure, they are expected to inform the registrar. Afterwards the registrar will immediately inform the president and, if needed, and instant consultation will be organized. The observers will be given the opportunity, not the obligation, to express their opinion on how the session went, in public. If the observers consent, the organizers want to videotape their opinion to publish it later on the website of the tribunal.

Marie Arena
Belgian politician; member of the Socialist Party, part of the Party of European Socialists Member of the European Parliament (MEP) since 2014 The chairwoman of European Parliament Subcommittee on Human Rights
Kathleen Van Brempt
Belgian social-democratic politician and member of Vooruit Member of the European Parliament (MEP) as part of the Party of European Socialists in 2000-2003, and since 2009 to present
Klas Grinell
Director of the Center for European studies at Gothenburg University (CERGU), a researcher in Critical heritage studies, History of ideas, Museums studies, Islamic studies. Also work as research coordinator for Gothenburg Museums.
Filipe Marques
President of MEDEL-Magistrats Européens pour la Démocratie et les Libertés (ASJP - Portugal) Judge in Portugal. Member of the board of the Portuguese Judges' Association (ASJP) - 2006-2012. Representative of ASJP in MEDEL-Magistrats Européens pour la Démocratie et les Libertés, since 2012. President of MEDEL since 2017
Marianna Kakaounaki
An award winning journalist for Greek print and tv. She has conducted several joint investigations with fellow journalists from Germany, Norway and Switzerland, producing and publishing cross border reports. She has reported for the Wall Street Journal, is regularly serving as a field producer for CBS News and has been a part-time employee of the…



The Turkey Tribunal (The Tribunal) is an Opinion Tribunal. It is neither a regular court subject to a State’s judicial system, nor a court established by a Treaty or an international organisation. It is a Tribunal established by civil society and serves as an instrument and platform to give recognition, visibility and a voice to people who allegedly suffer(ed) violations of their fundamental rights.

* Please note that all Turkey Tribunal steering committee members, judges, rapporteurs, witnesses participate in Turkey Tribunal on voluntary basis, and no one of them will be paid for their contributions to the tribunal.